Tips for buying investment property the first time
Do you want to buy an investment property? Many people are now investing in real estate. These are the key points to remember before purchasing your first rental property.
- Investing in rental properties can be lucrative, but it comes with challenges.
- Borrowers are required to deposit at least 20% to secure a mortgage on a rental home.
- Being a landlord requires many skills, from understanding lease law to fixing leaky faucets.
- Experts recommend having a savings buffer if you don’t rent your home out or the rental income doesn’t cover the mortgage.
Find out if you are ready to be a Landlord.
Being a landlord can be a great way to earn real estate. However, it is not straightforward. There are problems with maintaining the property and finding tenants.
Can you use the tools? Have you ever had to fix a leak in your drain or drywall? Hiring someone or having a property manager do it for you is possible.
You might not be the most practical person and have little extra money to make it work, so becoming a landlord may not be the right choice.
Repay Personal Debt
Only the most experienced investors might use loans to help with portfolio investments.
Pereira believes being prudent is essential. He says that it is not necessary to reduce your debt.
Make a 20% (or greater) down payment.
An investment property typically requires a larger down payment than a homeowner-occupied home. You will also need to pay a higher down payment for investment properties than you would for homeowner-occupied homes. Because there is no mortgage insurance for rental properties, you will need to put 20% down. However, it is possible to finance the down payment through a bank, such as an individual loan.
Search for the Right Place
It is not a good idea to be locked into a lease-to-own home in a location where things are deteriorating. An investment opportunity is possible in a town or area with a population increase.
You want to rent a financially sound property. Choose an area with low property taxes and a neighborhood that offers many amenities such as cafes, restaurants, shopping centers, trails, and parks.
Do you need to buy or finance?
You have two options: finance or buy cash to purchase your investment property. This is a return of 9.5 percent on an investment of $100,000.
But financing can bring more money. Let’s take, for example, an investor who invests 20% in a house. The interest rate for the loan is 4 percent. Although the investor’s cash flow is lower than the investor’s, the 27.3 percent annual return on a $20,000 investment is much higher than the 9.5 percent earned by the cash buyer.
How can you get a mortgage to lease a property?
The process for obtaining a mortgage to rent a property is the same as the primary mortgage, but there are some crucial distinctions. Firstly, it is more likely that the rental property loan will default due to financial hardships. Because of this increased risk, lenders charge higher interest rates for rental properties.
There are also stricter underwriting guidelines for rental properties. The lender may also ask for a higher minimum downpayment and review the applicant’s income and work history.
This is the general requirement of lenders before they can approve a mortgage for a rental property.
- Credit score: Minimum score of 620. Higher rates and terms are available for scores higher than 740.
- Downpayment It is possible to make a downpayment as low as 3% on a standard mortgage for the primary residence. However, private mortgage insurance (PMI) does not apply to rental property mortgages. Typically, borrowers must pay at least 15% to 20 20%.
- The ratio of debt-to-income (DTI). DTI is the borrower’s monthly income divided by the amount of debt.
- Savings: In addition to a favorable ratio of income to debt, borrowers should also have sufficient cash to pay 3 to 6 months of the mortgage payment. This includes principal and interest as well as taxes, insurance, and taxes.
Avoid high-interest rates
In 2021, a loan might be affordable. The interest rate on the investment property loan will be higher than a conventional mortgage.
1 2 Discrimination in mortgage lending is illegal. 1 2
Calculate Your Margins
Wall Street firms looking to buy distressed properties want returns between 5% to 7% because they have to pay their staff. The goal for maintenance is to make 10% per year.
Invest in Landlord Insurance
Protect your investment 3
You should be aware that homeowners insurance policies may not cover losses when the property has been rented. To confirm your coverage, contact your insurance provider.
Check with your insurance company to see if they will let you combine landlord and homeowners insurance.
Maintenance and upkeep costs can take a toll on your rental income. You should set aside 20-30% of your rental income for these expenses.
Don’t be a Fixer-Upper.
It is tempting to buy a house at a low price and rent it out.
Calculate Operating expenses
The operating costs of the new property will be between 35 percent to 80% of your gross operational earnings. A $2,000 monthly rental would mean you’d have to pay $1,000 in total costs.
Be sure to know your return.
What’s the return on your investment for every dollar that you invest? The return on an investment of $0 is good, significantly since it should rise over time.
Purchase a low-cost home
The house you buy is more expensive than the one you are considering buying, so it’s a good idea to avoid the most expensive place in the area. This is also true for the most rundown property in the area.
Is it worth investing in condos?
Condos can be an excellent option for people looking to rent a property. They are usually less expensive than single-family homes and are often located in prime locations.
However, financing a condo is more complex than getting an unsecured mortgage on a single-family home. If the property needs to be roofed or repaired, you may be responsible for a one-time fee that could run into the thousands.
Know your legal obligations
Tenant-landlord laws are essential for owners of rental properties. To avoid legal problems, being familiar with the rules governing your tenants’ rights and obligations is necessary.
How do I hire a Property Manager?
Property owners can choose to manage their rental property themselves or hire a property manager. The cost of a property manager is usually between 8 and 12% of the rent collected, which can reduce their profits.
But, it is well worth the investment. A typical property manager:
- How to Market the Property
- Get to know the local rental market and price your rental accordingly.
- Show the property to potential tenants (so that you don’t have to)
- Screen tenants (for example, to verify references or conduct credit checks)
- Pay rent for yourself and deposit cash in your bank account.
- Manage the eviction process and pay late rent
- Handle tenant complaints
- Maintenance and repairs.
- For property-related expenses, including property taxes, utility bills and insurance
To determine if hiring a property management company is financially prudent, ask these questions:
- Can I manage the property myself? It is especially true if there are multiple properties.
- How far from my house is the rental property? It takes more time off your schedule, making handling common and urgent issues challenging.
- Am I ready to manage tenants?
- Do long-term or temporary tenants occupy my rental property? You might encounter many tenants (e.g., Airbnb) and may have to deal with complaints about maintenance.
- Do You Want to Have Control? If it’s challenging to handle responsibilities such as choosing tenants or completing maintenance tasks, it might be worth your while to take over the management of the property.
Be aware of the potential risks. The benefits
It would help if you weighed the risk and reward of any financial decision. Do you think it might be a good idea?
- The income you earn is independent of any initial investment or maintenance costs. You can make money while dedicating your time and energy to your job.
- When property values rise, your investment will also increase in value.
- You can put real estate into a self-directed IRA (SDIRA).
- Rent income does not count as income subject to Social Security taxes.
- The interest you earn on loan to purchase property can be deducted from your tax.
- The real estate market is more stable than the stock market if there’s no new crisis.
- While stocks and other financial products may not be tangible or visible, the real estate market can be considered a definite asset.
- Rent income is not a revenue stream, but managing tenants can be challenging if you don’t have a property management company.
- Amounts above $200,000 for a single person or $250,000 for a married filing jointly could result in you being subject to a 3.8 percent surtax on your net investment income.
- Your rental income may not be sufficient to cover your total mortgage cost.
- Unlike stocks, real estate cannot be immediately sold if the market is down or money is needed.
- Entry and exit costs can be high.
- The rent will still be due even if you don’t own a lease.
How can I find a real Property Investing Partner?
You may be interested in investing your money in a rental property, but you don’t have enough cash or the knowledge to do so. The partner who invests in the property helps finance it in return for a share of the profits.
Partnerships are not an easy button. Make sure to practice your pitch to convince potential partners that you’re financially sound.
Where can I find an investment partner in real estate?
It doesn’t take a Wall Street connection to find a real estate investor you can partner up with. Instead, reach out to your friends and family, join an investment club in your local area, or think about crowdfunding.
What is the minimum down payment required to purchase an investment property?
Lenders have stricter guidelines about rental properties. Financially troubled borrowers tend to focus first on their mortgage.
Should I buy a condo?
Condos are often less expensive than single-family homes with comparable values and require less maintenance. If you are considering purchasing a condo to invest in, you should consider the homeowners’ association’s financial health and the whole building’s condition.
The Bottom Line
Be realistic about your expectations.